Screening and Triage for TB using Computer-Aided Detection (CAD) Technology and Ultra-portable X-Ray Systems: A Practical Guide

Publication Year 22 Nov 2022

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This guide was written and coordinated by Zhi Zhen Qin (Stop TB Partnership), with support from Rachael Barrett, Jacob Creswell, and Wayne van Gemert (Stop TB Partnership). Section 1.2, 5.1, Annex 1 and 9 received critical input and review from Rory Pilgrim, Rayman Huang, and Yun Liu (Google LLC), and Santosh Bhavani (, Inc.). Section 4.6 was jointly drafted by Brian Citro (Privacy Lawyer & Independent Researcher). Annex 6 and Annex 7 received critical input from Cristina Celan (Center for Health Policies and Studies, Moldova). Section 4.8 received critical input from Shibu Vijayan (PATH India, an early implementer of CAD software supported by Stop TB Partnership’s TB REACH). Critical review was provided by Estelle Petiot and Magali Babaley (Stop TB Partnership), Cecily Miller, Maria del Rosario Perez, Francesco Ribolzi (WHO), Morten Ruhwald, Sandra Kik, and Kavindhran Velen (FIND), William Wells (USAID), Claudia Denkinger (Heidelberg University), as well as early implementers with the support from Stop TB Partnership’s TB REACH: Monde Muyoyeta (Centre for Infectious Disease Research, Zambia), Andrew Codlin (Friends for International TB Relief, Vietnam), Shibu Vijayan (PATH India), Cristina Celan (Center for Health Policies and Studies) and Laura Belous (Phthisiopneumology Institute “Chiril Draganiuc”, Moldova), Shifa Habib (Community Health Solutions, Pakistan).
Development of this document was made possible with financial support from the United States Agency for International Development, and Global Affairs Canada. The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the U.S. Agency for International Development, the U.S. Government, or Global Affairs Canada.